MAST Europe 2013 - A First Glimpse
Polish Navy Modernisation - A Necessity
The Polish Navy’s Modernisation Plan 2030 (MP-2030) calls for a modernisation of the current fleet of 41 surface ships and submarines. The MP-2030 comprises three phases:
Phase 1 (through 2022) entails the modernisation of the two ex-US Navy “Oliver Hazard Perry“ class frigates (including PHALANX Mk15 1B Block 2 upgrade and major hull and engine maintenance) and four ”Sokół“ class (ex-Royal Norwegian Navy “Kobben” class) submarines. The latter will receive complete hull and engine maintenance, with a complete replacement of their batteries.
Phase 2 (through 2026) calls for the procurement of two locally constructed submarines (with technical assistance provided by a foreign shipyard) and two surface combatants.
Phase 3 (through 2030) will result in the procurement of a third locally built submarine and a third surface combatant.
The Polish Navy will also procure up to six attack and six SAR helicopters, up to 10 USV, and six shipboard UAV/UAS. The construction of the first “Slazak” class (Projekt 621) corvette is scheduled to continue under the auspices of the GAWRON programme.
Phase 1 of the Modernisation Plan 2030 calls for the modernisation of the two “General Pulaski” class frigates and four ”Sokół“ class submarines.
The 2,390 tons displacement Projekt 890 logistic support ship “Kontradmirał Xawery Czernicki” (511) was built at the Northern Shipyard (now Remontowa Shipbuilding S.A.) in Gdańsk and serves as a command ship for the Polish Navy's mine countermeasures forces.
(Photo: NAVAL FORCES Special Correspondent Guy Toremans)
Polish Navy – Order of Battle
(Sources: The World Defence Almanac 2013, MILITARY TECHNOLOGY Issue I/2013, pp. 178-179, and Weyers Warships of the World 2008/2010, pp. 248-253)
2 “Generał Kazimierz Pułaski” class frigates
1 “Kaszub” class (Projekt 620) missile corvette
2 “Gornik” class missile corvettes
3 “Orkan” class missile corvettes
4 ”Sokół“ class
1 “Orzeł” class (KILO type – Projekt 877 E)
Mine Countermeasures Vessels
3 “Krogulec” class ocean minehunters
13 “Goplo” class (Projekt 207 D) minehunters
4 “Mamry” class (Projekt 207 M) minehunters
5 “Lublin” class (Projekt 767) LST
3 “Deba” class (Projekt 716) LCU
1 “Kontradmirał Xawery Czernicki” class (Projekt 890) logistic support ship
2 “Heweliusz” class hydrographic ships
2 “Nawigator” class (Projekt 863) research ships
1 “Baltyk” class (Projekt ZP 1200) tanker
2 “Piast” class (Projekt 570) salvage ships
2 Zbyszko” class (Projekt B 823) salvage ships
1 “Wodnik” class (Projekt 888) helicopter platform
1 “Iskra” class sail training vessel
MAST Europe 2013: Global Naval Markets Get OptimisticEndorsed by the Polish Navy, National Security Bureau, Border Guard, and Naval Academy, MAST Europe 2013 represents the only dedicated global conference and exhibition for senior-level maritime security technologists. The event held at Amber Expo in Gdańsk is an important date in the calendar for Navies in the Baltic region and beyond in their search for new systems and capabilities. Numerous shipbuilders, naval design bureaus, and defence equipment manufacturers from Europe, Turkey, North America, Australia, and South Africa identified this year's MAST Europe as a platform to show-off their maritime innovations, not only because of the immense potential of the global naval markets, but also due to the changing behaviour of the maritime security environment.
The large number of technical sponsors and governmental delegates, e.g. from Australia, France, Japan, the Netherlands, Russia, Singapore, Sweden, Turkey, the UK, Ukraine, the US, and the NATO Naval Armaments Group, are testament of an accelerating procurement of naval systems and equipment around the globe that is seen as a response to a variety of reasons.
First, challenged by piracy actions along the coastline of East Africa and elsewhere in the world, anti-piracy measures are coming into a wider focus that require versatile naval platforms ranging from patrol ships to manned/unmanned maritime surveillance aircraft.
Second, the protection of territorial waters and coastlines requires an upgrade of existing naval capabilities, namely shipboard and airborne C4ISR, naval gunfire support (NGFS), and ASW.
Third, the countering of asymmetric naval threats requires new seagoing platforms but also new tactics and doctrines.
Shipbuilders and naval equipment manufacturers from a number of countries are keen in addressing the growing demand of naval systems in Gdańsk, including ATLAS Elektronik, BAE Systems, CASSIDIAN Optronics, Damen Shipyards, Diehl Defence, HGH Infrared Systems, Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft, Kockums, Naval Shipyard Gdynia, Remontowa Shipbuilding S.A., Rheinmetall Defence, Saab AB, and ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems. Inventors and manufacturers from Turkey also represent a major cluster of exhibitors and delegates, including Havelsan and the Turkish SSM Undersecretariat for Defence Industries.
MAST Europe: New Products & Programmes
4 JUNE 2013
ATLAS Elektronik UK|The threat from submerged terrorist divers is very real. One widely-publicised incident in 2008 saw divers from the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam insurgent group operating in Sri Lanka sinking a Sri Lankan naval vessel, rather ironically called the MV “Invincible” in her previous life as a freighter, during an attack when the ship was berthing in the northeastern port of Trincomalee.
For detecting such threats, ATLAS Elektronik UK developed the lightweight CERBERUS Mod 2 diver detection system. This Portable Diver Detection Sonar (PDDS) is designed to be much smaller and lighter than the basis CERBERUS system. It is able to cope with the demands of both portable and ship-borne applications, detecting divers, swimmers, AUV, and SDV over distances of up to 1,800m, and alerting operators about their presence. Five systems are on delivery for the German Navy’s Type F125 frigate project. CERBERUS can be operated from the ship’s bridge as well as from a processing and display unit below deck, showing the surrounding area on a sea chart.
The CERBERUS Mod 2 diver detection system detects underwater threats over distances of up to 1,800m, enabling reliable alerting of multiple underwater targets with very few false alarms. Thanks to its low weight (23kg) and compact construction, CERBERUS can be deployed without the need for a crane or davit.
(Photo: Courtesy of ATLAS Elektronik UK)
6 JUNE 2013
HGH Infrared Systems|The French manufacturer showed off the SPYNEL around-the-clock wide-area surveillance system, acquiring near real-time full panoramic images with automatic intrusion detection and tracking capabilities. It provides powerful situation awareness through 360 degree visualisation of the surroundings and can be employed for a wide variety of missions, including maritime wide area surveillance, asymmetrical threat detection, seaport and harbour protection, coastal and border surveillance, UAV and USV low air target tracking, auto-protection of ships, search and rescue, anti-piracy and counter drug trafficking missions, and night-time navigation. A completely passive system, it is invisible to intruders, not vulnerable to camouflage nor jamming, and operates 24/7, whatever the weather. An unlimited number of tracks are immediately recognised on highly resolved images, including hardly detectable threats, such as small, slow or tangential moving targets. It can be a reliable and cost-effective standalone perimeter security solution as well as an added layer of capability to systems already in place.
SPYNEL can be quickly deployed to perform multi-events detection over extremely large areas in total darkness, fog, and smoke.
(Photo: Courtesy of HGH Infrared Systems)
U p c o m i n g
NAVAL FORCES speaks with Commander Erik Öhrn, Commanding Officer of the "Visby" class missile corvette HSwMS "Nyköping"
NAVAL FORCES visits REMONTOWA Shipbuilding S.A. in Gdansk